note on effect of coal mining in nigeria

Conflict implications of coal mining and environmental ...

The effect of the mining, electricity generation and smelting industry in the area is the release of coal related gasses in very high concentrations (Pone et al. 2007). Emalahleni has the highest concentrations of these toxic substances in the atmosphere and is …

Mining sector in Nigeria has anoptimistic future, but ...

2018-10-2 · Nigeria''s mining sector optimistic future, but challenges need resolution. According to multinational professional services firm EY, the mining industry in Nigeria can be described as unique because the country is endowed with over 40 natural …

The Impacts of Energy Extraction on the Environment in ...

2014-2-4 · Coal is a major source of energy and it has played an important role in Industrial Revolution in Europe and North America. In Nigeria coal was first discovered in 1909 and further detailed survey indicate reserves in Enugu, Afukpo, OKaba, Orukpa etc all in the south [8]. Sub-bituminous coal is the major type of coal found in Nigeria. It is

Effects of coal mining on the water resources in the ...

2016-5-7 · Coal mining in the Enugu area of Nigeria has generated a lot of mine waste that has been dumped in landfills and surface dumps chosen for convenience and proximity to the waste source rather than environmental, geologic or engineering considerations. Environmental degradation and groundwater contamination has resulted. Structural analysis of the area shows that the geological formations are ...

Appendix E: Coal Mining and Processing Methods | Coal ...

2021-9-24 · outside the mining area for placement and storage. In the Midwest, where the surface topography and coal seams are generally flat, it is common to employ area strip mining in which the fragmented overburden is placed directly by large draglines in the …

EXAMINING THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF …

2017-3-24 · The Amajuba District is among one of the major coal mining regions in South Africa, where the mining activities are limited mainly to coal and quarry. Altogether 11 mining rights had been issued in the district as at 2013, with six operational and five pending. The Dannhauser

Microbiome of highly polluted coal mine drainage from ...

2021-9-1 · Furthermore, the autochthonous microorganisms offer a potential means to remediate such contamination. The drains from Onyeama coal mine in Nigeria contained characteristic sulphates (313.0 ± 15 ...

JHARIA COAL MINE FIRE AND ITS IMPACT Abhishek Das1

2017-12-6 · Jharia Coal Mine Fire Jharia saw its dawn of mining in the year of 1894 and the first fire broke out at Bhowrah in 1916 and has been active since then. Coal fire refers to a burning or smoldering coal seam, coal storage pill or coal waste pile (Kuenzer, …

Mining industry affected by escalating social, economic ...

2011-11-28 · The global mining industry is facing intensifying social, economic and political challenges, which means companies must incorporate more complex scenarios into their strategic planning, says a …

Mining sector in Nigeria key to economic turnaround

2020-10-13 · Mining sector in Nigeria key to economic turnaround. The COVID-19 pandemic is a wake-up call that Nigeria needs to stop relying on oil to drive its …

List of Mineral Resources in Nigeria and Their Location ...

2021-1-27 · The exploration of coal started at the ogubate mine in 1918. Research has also shown that Nigeria coal is one of the best coal in the world because of its low sulphur and ash content which makes it eco-friendly, Nigeria has nearly 3 billion tonnes of coal …

FACTORS AFFECTING COAL PRODUCTION AND USE

2007-3-19 · ment, and labor. Once mining starts, recent laws and reguIations (e. g., the Surface Mine Con-trol and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) and the Coal Mine Health and Safety Act (CM HSA)) affect methods and costs. Labor-managernent conflicts can Iimit coal availability and color customers'' perceptions of future reliability.

The Carbon Brief Profile: Nigeria

2020-8-21 · Coal. Nigeria has an estimated 2bn metric tonnes of coal reserves. In its history, it has had a handful of small coal-fired power plants, but none are still in operation. The mining ministry has repeatedly said it is the government''s intention to supply 30% of the country

Environmental Consequences of a Burning Coal Mine : A …

2019-7-1 · consequences of coal mining in India and in particular Jharia coal-field (JCF). ii. A systematic study on environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is carried out to assess the effects (both positive and negative) of coal mining on the environment. iii. Sustainable mining approach achieved by developing

The Impact Of Covid-19 On The Mining Sector

2020-4-1 · South Africa''s mining sector is particularly exposed to the spread of Covid-19. According to the Minerals Council of South Africa, the industry employs a workforce numbering almost 420,000, many of whom are underground on any given day. Some mines have thousands of men and women underground, descending into the depths in crowded "cages".

Nigerian Mining Sector Brief | 1 Nigerian Mining Sector …

2021-9-3 · 1erview of the Nigerian Mining Sector Ov 05 2 Mineral Endowment 08. 2.1 Coal 08 2.2umen Bit 09 2.3 Limestone 09 2.4 Iron-Ore 09 2.5arites B 09 ... National Bureau of Statistics, the total contribution of the Mining sector (i.e., coal mining, metal ores and quarrying and other minerals) to the 2015 GDP is about 0.15%. ...

EVALUATION OF UNDERGROUND COAL PILLAR DESIGN

2011-5-15 · Effect of mining method on pillar strength 8 2.4. Basic principles of pillar design 8 2.5. Pillar Strength Formulas 15 2.6. Factor of Safety 20 2.7. Size of pillars 21 ... Geotechnical factors of a nearby underground coal mine has been determined in the laboratory. Different approaches of pillar design have been compared. Variation of safety

The environmental implications of the exploration and ...

2019-2-1 · Environmental implication of coal mining. Mining of coal generates waste rock (WRs) that are major potential sources of Acid mine drainage (AMD) (discharges carrying high loads of sulphide oxidation products and associated metals). AMD usually contains toxic heavy metals, and it is a critical environmental pollution problem in mines.

Coal Exploration and Mining Geology

2020-8-18 · UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS GEOLOGY – Vol. V – Coal Exploration and Mining Geology - Colin R. Ward ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) • Coal Marketing: the procuring of markets or development of facilities to use the coal that will come from the mine over its working life; • Mine Development: the acquisition, construction and commissioning of the plant

HISTORY: The History of Coal in Nigeria | Heinrich Böll ...

2015-12-2 · Coal was first discovered in Nigeria in 1909 at the Udi Ridge in Enugu by a British mines engineer, Albert Kitson. Kitson had been prospecting for silver. By 1914, the year of Nigeria''s amalgamation, the first consignment of coal made its way to the United Kingdom from the newly created ports at Port Harcourt.

Contaminated blessing! How coal mining polluted water ...

2020-12-27 · Coal mining as huge revenue earner for Nigeria, largest employer of labour in Enugu Coal, according to ejatlas ,generated lots of revenue for Nigeria between the years 1916 and 1970 when it …

Coal mining in Enugu district, Nigeria | EJAtlas

2021-1-8 · Coal generated lots of revenue for Nigeria between the years 1916 and 1970 when it was one of Nigeria''s major revenue earners. In the south eastern part of the country, mining exploration began in present day Enugu State in 1909, with production …

Environment Impact Assessment of Coal Mining

2013-11-13 · underground mines in the earth crust. Coal mining is one of the most illegal activities going on in the country. At the same time it totally neglects the role of EIA in its pre-operational, during mining and post operational plans. Here various case studies of coal mining are done and the impact of coal mining to the environment is looked into with

ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH IMPACTS OF MINING …

2014-10-8 · and its effects on public health, agriculture and the environment. In addition, the legacy of mining has left thousands of sites in Africa contaminated by mining and associated mine dumps such as tailings and slag material. On the other hand, the number of studies focused on the impacts of mining and mineral processing

Chapter 7 COAL

1998-6-25 · involved in making such an estimate. The exact quantity of coal resources is not known. We cannot predict what improvements will be made in mining technology that would allow the recovery of more of the coal than is currently achieved. We cannot evaluate with certainty what tolerance coal consumers might have for using coal of lower quality than is

1.1 PHASES OF A MINING PROJECT

2019-2-4 · mining involving extraction of coal or aggregates, such as sand, gravel, and limestone. 4 Guidebook for Evaluating Mining Project EIAs sensitive areas or are near previously isolated communities. If a proposed mining project involves the construction of any access roads, then the environmental impact assessment (EIA) for the ...

Nigeria Mining

2021-1-4 · Coal, Lignite and Coke Mining in Nigeria. Coal was first discovered in 1909 and the industry thrived for some years before the Civil War. Prior to the mining industry''s privatisation, the Nigerian Coal Corporation held the monopoly on mining, processing and selling coal, lignite and coke products. Despite the war ending in the 1970s the coal ...

Coal Deposits in Nigeria, West Africa with their Locations ...

Coal Deposits - Some African countries like Nigeria is blessed with coal-rich states especially Enugu which is known as the "the coal city" because of its vast coal deposits, other states include; Benue, Kogi, Delta, Kwara, Plateau, Abia, Anambra, Bauchi, …